50 Further, she criticized the us news rankings for failing to take a college's affordability into account 51 or factor in the average student indebtedness after college 49 as well as failing to measure how well colleges actually educated their students. 49 She noted how the us news algorithm "favors schools that spurn more students." 49 College admissions counselors criticized rankings as misleading, and criticized the rankings inputs of peer assessments, student selectivity and alumni giving as being poor predictors of a college's overall quality. 52 The rankings title "America's Best Colleges prompted counselors to ask "best for whom"? 52 In 2007, members of the Annapolis Group discussed a letter to college presidents asking them not to participate in the us news "reputation survey". 53 A majority of the approximately 80 presidents at the meeting agreed not to participate, 54 although the statements were not binding. 55 Members pledged to develop alternative web-based information formats 55 in conjunction shakespeare with several collegiate associations. 56 us news responded that their peer assessment survey helps them measure a college's "intangibles" such as the ability of a college's reputation to help a graduate win a first job or entrance into graduate school.
There are several college and university rankings guides published, and they include the. News and World Report, 41 Business Insider, 43 Money magazine, 44 The washington Monthly 's "College rankings" issue, 45 and Forbes "America's Top Colleges" ranking, 46 as well as a resume variety of other groups and organizations that publish rankings based on different factors and using. For a more comprehensive and detailed look. University rankings, with top-ranked schools identified, see rankings of universities in the United States. Rankings have been the subject of much criticism. Since much of the data is provided by colleges themselves, there are opportunities for schools to manipulate the rankings to enhance prestige. There have been instances in which school officials deliberately misreported statistics, such as an admissions dean at Claremont McKenna who falsified average sat statistics, 47 and a report that Emory University falsely reported student data for "more than a decade 48 as well as reports. 49 Writer Andrew Ferguson noted considerable hypocrisy surrounding rankings: some colleges pretend to loathe the guidebooks that rank them, yet if they get a good write-up, they "wave it around like a bride's garter belt." 13 Lynn o'shaughnessy criticized the "mindless pursuit of better numbers".
Planning edit timing edit timeline ninth/tenth grade Grades count towards gpa good study habits course selection read, read, read Extracurricular activities Eleventh grade fall: psat test meet guidance counselor build lists of colleges Begin meeting college reps College fairs Research, visit schools Tests: sat/act, sat. The summer before twelfth grade is a time when many applicants finalize application plans and perhaps begin writing essays. Further, they decide whether to apply by early or regular decision. International students may need to take tests showing English-language proficiency such as the toefl, ielts, or pte academic. 39 The twelfth grade is when applications are submitted. The css can be submitted by October first of the student's twelfth grade, while the fafsa becomes available on the web after January first. 40 Selection of colleges edit rankings edit main article: Rankings of universities in the United States The us news ranking has generated much controversy; this map shows locations of its assessment of the top 40 universities in the us in 2007, with many located.
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Colleges spent an average of 585 to vietnam recruit each applicant during the 2010 year. 5 30 man There are efforts to make increased use of social media sites such as Facebook to promote their colleges. 34 Marketing brochures and other promotional mailings often arrive daily in the hope of persuading high school students to apply to a college. According to joanne levy-prewitt, colleges send "view books" not because they intend to admit them, but "because they want multitudes of students to apply" to improve the college's selectivity ranking and to make sure that they have as many well-qualified applicants as possible from whom. 35 Colleges get access to names and addresses after students give permission to them after taking the psat or sat exams. 35 Information sources edit us news compiles a directory of colleges and universities and has made a ranking of them, although the rankings are controversial, some colleges refuse to cooperate, and high school guidance counselors sometimes have major problems with the rankings.
36 Other sources rank colleges according to various measures, sell guidebooks, and use their rankings as an entry into college admissions consulting services. College board launched a website called BigFuture in 2012 with tools to help the admissions process. 37 There are services to help expedite the college admissions process, including a web-based service that sells copies of applications that gained the applicant admission to ivy league colleges. 38 Test preparation firms edit companies such as the college board have offered services to help students prepare for their tests and provide other services, usually web-based, to help students compare schools. Some firms work with schools to provide test preparation advisors who teach students how to take the sat and act entrance exams.
Mamlet and Vandevelde suggest that it is improper for an admissions counselor to tamper with a student's "authentic self". According to their view, ideal counselors have experience with college admissions, meet regularly with college admissions officers, visit campuses regularly, and belong to professional affiliations. College admissions staff edit Elite and other universities send admissions officers to high schools and college fairs to encourage high school students to apply. While the chance of admission to highly selective colleges is typically under 10, increased numbers of applications helps maintain and improve colleges' rankings. A typical admission staff at a college includes a dean or vice president for admission or enrollment management, middle-level managers or assistant directors, admission officers, and administrative support staff. 30 The chief enrollment management officer is sometimes the highest-paid position in the department, earning 121,000 on average in 2010, while admissions officers average only 35,000, according to one estimate.
30 31 Admissions officers tend to be in the 30-to-40 age demographic. 32 They are chosen for their experience in admissions, aptitude for statistics and data analysis, experience in administration and marketing and public relations. 30 They serve dual roles as counselors and recruiters, and do not see themselves as marketers or salespeople, according to one view. 31 They are evaluated on how well they "represent their college, manage their office, recruit staff members, and work with other administrators". 31 Michele hernandez suggested there were basically two types of officers: a first group of personable, sharp, people-oriented go-getter types who were often recent college grads; a second group was somewhat out-of-touch "lifers" who often did not graduate from a highly selective college. Officers are generally paid an annual salary, although there have been reports of some recruiters paid on the basis of how many students they bring to a college, such as recruiters working abroad to recruit foreign students. 31 Many colleges and universities work hard to market themselves, trying to attract the best students and maintain a reputation for academic quality.
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5 A report suggested that private school counselors have substantially more contact with university admissions staff than public school counselors. 19 Consultants edit fee-based consultants, some available entirely online, can be hired to help a student gain admission to the so-called right schools, although there are some free programs to help underprivileged youth learn how to fill out applications, write essays, get ready for tests. 21 Consultants can help a student select schools to apply to, counsel them on test taking strategies, review scores, help with essay preparation (but not writing review applications, conduct mock interviews, provide logistical planning, and collaborate with others such as athletic coaches. Consultants try to keep a low profile; however, one admissions dean explained that she can "sniff out when there has been some adult involved in the process". 25 shakespeare Assistance by consultants or other adults can go to extremes, particularly with hard-to-check variables such as the college essays; according to one view, plagiarism on admissions essays has been a "serious problem particularly on applications to private universities and colleges. 26 There is the possibility that hiring a professional admissions consultant can make an application appear artificial; for example, admissions personnel may suspect adult coaching when one part of an application is polished, while other parts aren't, such as varying quality regarding writing samples. Another risk in hiring a consultant, which can happen if parents become too involved in the process, is what Mamlet and Vandevelde term overpackaging : the applicant appears so smooth and perfect that admissions officers suspect the person is not real but a marketing creation. Generally, when hiring a college admissions counselor, parents and students try to understand the counselor's philosophy, learn what services are provided, and whether any help will be offered regarding advice about financial aid or scholarships.
They usually work beauty in conjunction with the guidance department who assist students in planning their high school academic path. Counselors handle many students and schools and generally do not have a role of overseeing or managing a student's college applications. 15 Advisors recommend that students get to know their school counselor. Counselors do not complete interviews, write essays, or arrange college visits. Parents often meet with the school counselor during the eleventh grade. Most counselors have responsibility for helping many students and, as a result, it is difficult for them to provide individual help to a particular student; one estimate was that the average ratio for all high schools of students to counselors was 460. 5 Only about a quarter of public high schools have a counselor devoted to college counseling issues full-time, while almost three quarters of private schools have a dedicated college counselor.
to colleges can be stressful. The outcome of the admission process may affect a student's future career trajectory considerably. Entrance into top colleges is increasingly competitive, 8 10 11 and many students feel pressure during their high school years. 12 Private and affluent public primary education, test-prep courses, 'enrichment' programmes, volunteer service projects, international travel, music lessons, sports activities all the high-cost building blocks of the perfect college application put crushing pressure on the upper middle class and their offspring. — Yale professor William Deresiewicz,"d in the bbc about his article in The new Republic, 2014 12 Parents edit The college applications process can be stressful for parents of teenagers, according to journalist Andrew Ferguson, since it exposes "our vanities, our social ambitions and class. 13 High school counselors edit high school advisors can help parents understand aspects of the college admissions process. Some high schools have one or more teachers experienced in offering counseling to college-bound eleventh and twelfth graders.
Students file separate applications to each school, although the. Common Application expedites the process in many instances. Most undergraduate institutions admit students to the entire college and not to a particular department or major, unlike many european universities and American graduate schools, although some undergraduate programs such as architecture wood or engineering may require a separate application at some universities. As a general rule, applying to two-year county and community colleges is much easier than to a four-year school, often requiring only a high school transcript or minimum test score. New developments in college admissions include increased numbers of applications, increased interest by students in foreign countries in applying to American universities, 7 more students applying by an early method, 4 applications submitted by Internet-based methods including the. Common Application, 8 increased use of consultants, guidebooks, and rankings, and increased use by colleges of waitlists. 4 One estimate was that 80 percent of applications were submitted online in 2009.
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College admissions in the United States refers to the process of paper applying for entrance to institutions of higher education for undergraduate study at one of the nation's colleges or universities. 2, for people intended to go immediately into college after high school, the college search usually begins in the eleventh grade of high school with most activity taking place during the twelfth grade, although students at top high schools often begin the process during their. In addition, there are considerable numbers of students who transfer from one college to another, as well as adults older than high school age who apply to college. Contents, overview edit, millions of high school students apply to college each year. While the number of graduates from high school peaked temporarily.3 million in 2008, then.4 million in 2014, 4 numbers have been forecast to decline through 2015 and then rebound thereafter. 5, still, the number of students enrolled in college is expected to increase through 2020 when there will be approximately 23 million students in college. 5, about a quarter of twelfth graders apply to seven or more schools, paying an average of 40 per application. 5, fewer than half of all students entering college graduate in four years 6 and slightly over half graduate from college during their lifetimes. The application process takes considerable time and planning since it involves multiple steps, with choices to be made and deadlines to be met.